Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe

 

Faust Part I

 

(Scenes IV to VI)

 

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Scene IV: The Study

 

(Faust, Mephistopheles)

 

Faust††††††††††

 

A knock? Enter! Whoís plaguing me again?††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† ††††††††† 1530

 

Mephistopheles

 

I am

 

Faust

 

Enter!

 

Mephistopheles

 

Three times you must say it, then.

 

Faust

 

So! Enter!†††

 

Mephistopheles

 

††††††††† Ah, now, you please me.

I hope weíll get along together:

To drive away the gloomy weather,

Iím dressed like young nobility,†††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† ††††††††† 1535

In a scarlet gold-trimmed coat,

In a little silk-lined cloak,

A cockerel feather in my hat,

With a long, pointed sword,

And I advise you, at that,† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††      1540

To do as I do, in a word:

So that, footloose, fancy free,

You can experience Life, with me.

 

Faust

 

This life of earth, its narrowness,

Pains me, however Iím turned out,†† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††          1545

Iím too old to play about,

Too young, still, to be passionless.

What can the world bring me again?

Abstain! You shall! You must! Abstain!

Thatís the eternal song††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††           1550

That in our ears, forever, rings

The one, that, our whole life long,

Every hour, hoarsely, sings.

I wake in terror with the dawn,

I cry, the bitterest tears, to see† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††         1555

Day grant no wish of mine, not one

As it passes by on its journey.

Even presentiments of joy

Ebb, in wilful depreciation:

A thousand grimaces life employs†††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††       1560

To hinder me in creation.

Then when night descends I must

Stretch out, worried, on my bed:

What comes to me is never rest,

But some wild dream instead. †††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††  1565

The God that lives inside my heart,

Can rouse my innermost seeing:

The one enthroned beyond my art,

Canít stir external being:

And so existence is a burden: sated,†††††††††† ††††††††† ††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††          1570

Deathís desired, and Life is hated.

 

Mephistopheles

 

Yet Deathís a guest whoís visitís never wholly celebrated.

 

Faust

 

Happy the man whom victory enhances,

Whose brow the bloodstained laurel warms,

Who, after the swift whirling dances,†††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† 1575

Finds himself in some girlís arms!

If only, in my joy, then, Iíd sunk down

Before that enrapturing Spirit power!

 

Mephistopheles

 

Yet someone, from a certain brown

Liquid, drank not a drop, at midnight hour.††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††        1580

 

Faust

 

It seems that you delight in spying.

 

Mephistopheles

 

I know a lot: and yet Iím not all-knowing.

 

Faust

 

When sweet familiar tones drew me,

Away from the tormenting crowd,

Then my other childhood feelings †††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††       1585

Better times echoed, and allowed.

So I curse whatever snares the soul,

In its magical, enticing arms,

Banishes it to this mournful hole,

With dazzling, seductive charms!††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††        1590

Cursed be those high Opinions first,

With which the mind entraps itself!

Then glittering Appearance curse,

In which the senses lose themselves!

Curse what deceives us in our dreaming,†††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††         1595

With thoughts of everlasting fame!

Curse the flattery of Ďpossessingí

Wife and child, lands and name!

Curse Mammon, when he drives us

To bold acts to win our treasure:†††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††          1600

Or straightens out our pillows

For us to idle at our leisure!

Curse the sweet juice of the grape!

Curse the highest favours Love lets fall!

Cursed be Hope! Cursed be Faith,†††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††              1605

And cursed be Patience most of all!

 

Choir of Spirits (Unseen)

 

Sorrow! Sorrow!

Youíve destroyed it,

The beautiful world,

With a powerful fist:††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††           1610

It tumbles, itís hurled

To ruin! A demigod crushed it!

We carry

Fragments into the void,

And sadly††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††       1615

Lament the Beauty thatís gone.

Stronger

For all of Earthís sons,

Brighter,

Build it again,†††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††              1620

Build, in your heart!

Lifeís new start,

Begin again,

With senses washed clean,

And sound, then,††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††        1625

A newer art!

 

Mephistopheles

 

Theyíre little, but fine,

These attendants of mine.

Precocious advice they give, listen,

Regarding both action, and passion!††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††          1630

Into the World outside,

From Solitude, thatís dried

Your sap and senses,

They tempt us.

Stop playing with grief,††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††      1635

That feeds, a vulture, on your breast,

The worst society, youíll find, will prompt belief,

That youíre a Man among the rest.

Not that I mean

To shove you into the mass.†††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††           1640

Among Ďthe greatsí, Iím second-class:

But if you, in my company,

Your path through life would wend,

Iíll willingly condescend

To serve you, as we go.†††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††    1645

Iím your man, and so,

If it suits you of course,

Iím your slave: Iím yours!

 

Faust

 

And what must I do in exchange?

 

Mephistopheles

 

Thereís lots of time: youíve got the gist.††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††      1650

 

Faust

 

No, no! The Devil is an egotist,

Does nothing lightly, or in Godís name,

To help another, so I insist,

Speak your demands out loud,

Such servants are risks, in a house.††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† 1655

 

Mephistopheles

 

Iíll be your servant here, and Iíll

Not stop or rest, at your decree:

When weíre together, on the other side,

Youíll do the same for me.


 

Faust

 

The Ďother sideí concerns me less:†††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††            1660

Shatter this world, in pieces,

The other one can take its place,

The root of my joyís on this Earth,

And this Sun lights my sorrow:

If I must part from them tomorrow,††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††        1665

What can or will be, that Iíll face.

Iíll hear no more of it, of whether

In that future, men both hate and love,

Or whether in those spheres, forever,

Weíre given a below and an above.†††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††       1670

 

Mephistopheles

 

In that case, you can venture all.

Commit yourself: today, you shall

View my arts with joy: I mean

To show you what no man has seen.

 

Faust

 

Poor devil what can you give? When has ever†††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††           1675

A human spirit, in its highest endeavour,

Been understood by such a one as you?

You have a never-satiating food,

You have your restless gold, a slew

Of quicksilver, melting in the hand,††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††    1680

Games whose prize no man can land,

A girl, who while sheís on my arm,

Snares a neighbour, with her eyes:

And Honourís fine and godlike charm,

That, like a meteor, dies?††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††    1685

Show me fruits then that rot, before theyíre ready.

And trees grown green again, each day, too!


 

Mephistopheles

 

Such commands donít frighten me:

With such treasures I can truly serve you.

Still, my good friend, a time may come,†††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††             1690

When one prefers to eat whatís good in peace.

 

Faust

 

When I lie quiet in bed, at ease.

Then let my time be done!

If you fool me, with flatteries,

Till my own selfís a joy to me,††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††        1695

If you snare me with luxury Ė

Let that be the last day I see!

That bet Iíll make!

 

Mephistopheles

Done!

 

Faust

††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† † And quickly!

When, to the Moment then, I say:

ĎAh, stay a while! You are so lovely!톆††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† 1700

Then you can grasp me: then you may,

Then, to my ruin, Iíll go gladly!

Then they can ring the passing bell,

Then from your service you are free,

The clocks may halt, the hands be still,††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††             1705

And time be past and done, for me!

 

Mephistopheles

 

Consider well, weíll not forget.


 

Faust

 

You have your rights, complete:

I never over-estimate my powers.

Iíll be a slave, in defeat:††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† 1710

Why ask whose slave or yours?

 

Mephistopheles

 

Today, likewise, at the Doctorsí Feast

Iíll do my duty as your servant.

One thing, though! Ė Re: life and death, I want

A few lines from you, at the least.†††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††        1715

 

 

Faust

 

You pedant, you demand it now in writing?

You still wonít take Manís word for anything?

Itís not enough that the things I say,

Will always accord with my future?

The world never ceases to wear away,†††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††        1720

And shall a promise bind me, then, forever?

Yet thatís the illusion in our minds,

And who then would be free of it?

Happy the man, who pure truth finds,

And whoíll never deign to sacrifice it!†††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† ††††††††† 1725

Still a document, written and signed,

Thatís a ghost makes all men fear it.

The word is already dying in the pen,

And wax and leather hold the power then.

What do you want from me base spirit?†††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††               1730

Will iron: marble: parchment: paper do it?

Shall I write with stylus, pen or chisel?

Iíll leave the whole decision up to you.


 

Mephistopheles

 

Why launch into oratory too?

Hot-tempered: you exaggerate as well.††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††           1735

Any bit of paperís just as good.

And you can sign it with a drop of blood.

 

Faust

 

If it will satisfy you, and it should,

Then letís complete the farce in full.

 

Mephistopheles

 

Blood is a quite special fluid.††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††           1740

 

Faust

 

Have no fear Iíll break this pact!

The extreme I can promise you: it is

All the power my efforts can extract.

Iíve puffed myself up so highly

I belong in your ranks now.††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††            1745

The mighty Spirit scorns me

And Nature shuts me out.

The thread of thought has turned to dust,

Knowledge fills me with disgust.

Let the depths of sensuality†††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††          1750

Satisfy my burning passion!

And, its impenetrable mask on,

Let every marvel be prepared for me!

Letís plunge into timeís torrent,

Into the whirlpools of event!††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††      1755

Then let joy, and distress,

Frustration, and success,

Follow each other, as well they can:

Restless activity proves the man!


 

Mephistopheles

 

No goal or measureís set for you.† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††            1760

Do as you wish, nibble at everything,

Catch at fragments while youíre flying,

Enjoy it all, whatever you find to do.

Now grab at it, and donít be stupid!

 

Faust

 

Itís not joy weíre about: you heard it.††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††       1765

Iíll take the frenzy, pain-filled elation,

Loving hatred, enlivening frustration.

Cured of its urge to know, my mind

In future, will not hide from any pain,

And what is shared by all mankind,†††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††     1770

In my innermost self, Iíll contain:

My soul will grasp the high and low,

My heart accumulate its bliss and woe,

So this self will embrace all theirs,

That, in the end, their fate it shares.†††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† 1775

 

Mephistopheles

 

Believe me, many a thousand year

Theyíve chewed hard food, and yet

From the cradle to the bier,

Not one has ever digested it!

Trust one of us, this Whole thing††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††            1780

Was only made for a godís delight!

In eternal splendour he is dwelling,

He placed us in the darkness quite,

And only gave you day and night.

 

Faust

 

But, I will!†† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††      1785

 

Mephistopheles

 

††††††††† ††††††††† Thatís good to hear!

Yet Iíve a fear, just the one:

Time is short, and art is long.

I think you need instruction.

Join forces with a poet: use poetry,

Let him roam in imagination,††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††         1790

Youíll gain every noble quality

From your honorary occupation,

The lionís brave attitude

The wild stagís swiftness,

The Italianís fiery blood,† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††    1795

The Northís persistence.

Let him find the mysterious

Meeting of generous and devious,

While you, with passions young and hot,

Fall in love, according to the plot.†††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††     1800

Iíd like to see such a gentleman, among us,

And Iíd call him Mister Microcosmus.

 

Faust

 

What am I then, if itís a flight too far,

For me to gain that human crown

I yearn towards with every sense I own?††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††         1805

 

Mephistopheles

 

In the end, you are Ė what you are.

Set your hair in a thousand curlicues

Place your feet in yard-high shoes,

Youíll remain forever, what you are.

 

Faust

 

All the treasures of the human spirit††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††        1810

I feel that Iíve expended, uselessly.

And wherever, at the last, I sit,

No new power flows, in me.

Iím not a hairís breadth taller, as you see,

And Iím no nearer to Infinity. †††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† ††††††††† 1815

 

Mephistopheles

 

My dear sir, you see the thing

Exactly as all men see it: why,

We must re-order everything,

Before the joys of life slip by.

Hang it! Hands and feet, belong to you,†††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††     1820

Certainly, a head, and a backside,

Yet everything I use as new

Why is my ownership of it denied?

When I can count on six stallions,

Isnít their horsepower mine to use?††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††         1825

I drive behind, and am a proper man,

As though Iíd twenty-four legs, too.

Look lively! Leave the senses be,

And plunge into the world with me!

I say to you that scholarly fellows†††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††    1830

Are like the cattle on an arid heath:

Some evil spirit leads them round in circles,

While sweet green meadows lie beneath.

 

Faust

 

How shall we begin then?

 

Mephistopheles

 

††††††††† ††††††††† From here, weíll first win free.

What kind of a martyrsí hole can this be?†††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††       1835

What kind of a teacher of life is he,

Who fills young minds with ennui?

Let your neighbours do it, and go!

Do you want to thresh straw forever?

The best things you can ever know,††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† 1840

You dare not tell the youngsters, ever.

I hear one of them arriving, too!

 

Faust

 

Iíve no desire to see him, though.

 

Mephistopheles

 

The poor ladís waited hours for you.

He mustnít go away un-consoled.†††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††           1845

Come: give me your cap and gown.

The mask should look delicious. So!

 

(He disguises himself.)

 

Now Iíve lost what witís my own!

I want fifteen minutes with him, only:

Meanwhile get ready for our journey!††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††        1850

 

(Faust exits.)

 

Mephistopheles (In Faustís long gown.)

 

Reason and Science you despise,

Manís highest powers: now the lies

Of the deceiving spirit must bind you

With those magic arts that blind you,

And Iíll have you, totally Ė††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††        1855

Fate gave him such a spirit

It urges him ever onwards, wildly,

And, in his hasty striving, he has leapt

Beyond all earthís ecstasies.

Iíll drag him through raw life,††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††        1860

Through the meaningless and shallow,

Iíll freeze him: stick to him: keep him ripe,

Frustrate his insatiable greed, allow

Food and drink to drift before his eyes:

In vain heíll beg for consummation,†††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††       1865

And if he werenít the devilís, why

Heíd still go to his ruination!

 

(A student enters.)

 

Student

 

Iím only here momentarily,

Iíve come, filled with humility,

To speak to, and to stand before,†††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††††††††††††                  1870

One whoís spoken of with awe.

 

Mephistopheles

 

Your courtesy delights me greatly!

A man like other men you see.

Have you studied then, elsewhere?

 

Student

 

I beg you, please enrol me, here!†††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††             1875

I come to you strong of courage,

Lined in pocket, healthy for my age:

My mother didnít want to lose me: though,

Iíd like to learn what itís right for me to know.

 

Mephistopheles

 

Then youíve come to the right place, exactly.††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††           1880

 

Student

 

To be honest, Iíd like to go already:

Thereís little pleasure for me at all,

In these walls, and all these halls.

Itís such a narrow space I find,

You see no trees, no leaves of any kind,††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††          1885

And in the lectures, on the benches,

All thought deserts me, and my senses.


 

Mephistopheles

 

It will only come to you with habit.

So the child takes its motherís breast

Quite unwillingly at first, and yet it†††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††          1890

Soon sucks away at her with zest.

So will you at Wisdomís breast, here,

Feel every day a little zestier.

 

Student

 

Iíll cling to her neck with pleasure:

But only tell me how to find her.†††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††         1895

 

Mephistopheles

 

Explain, before you travel on

What faculty youíve settled on.

 

Student

 

I want to be a true scholar,

I want to grasp, by the collar,

Whatís on earth, in heaven above,††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††     1900

In Science, and in Nature too.

 

Mephistopheles

 

Then hereís the very path for you,

But donít allow yourself to wander off.

 

Student

 

Iíll be present heart and soul:

Of course Iíll want to play,†††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††            1905

Have some fun and freedom, though,

On each sweet summer holiday.


 

Mephistopheles

 

Use your time well: it slips away so fast, yet

Discipline will teach you how to win it.

My dear friend, Iíd advise, in sum,†††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††          1910

First, the Collegium Logicum.

There your mind will be trained,

As if in Spanish boots, constrained,

So that painfully, as it ought,

It creeps along the way of thought,†††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††      1915

Not flitting about all over,

Wandering here and there.

So youíll learn, in many days,

What you used to do, untaught, as in a haze,

Like eating now, and drinking, youíll see†††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††        1920

The necessity of One! Two! Three!

Truly the intricacy of logic

Is like a master-weaverís fabric,

Where the loom holds a thousand threads,

Here and there the shuttles go †† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††       1925

And the threads, invisibly, flow,

One pass serves for a thousand instead.

Then the philosopher steps in: heíll show

That it certainly had to be so:

The first was - so, the second - so,††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††             1930

And so, the third and fourth were - so:

If first and second had never been,

Third and fourth would not be seen.

All praise the scholars, beyond believing,

But few of them ever turn to weaving.††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††††††††††††            1935

To know and note the living, youíll find it

Best to first dispense with the spirit:

Then with the pieces in your hand,

Ah! Youíve only lost the spiritual bond.

†ĎNatural treatmentí, Chemistry calls it††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††        1940

Mocks at herself, and doesnít know it.


 

Student

 

Iím not sure that I quite understand.

 

Mephistopheles

 

Youíll soon know it all, as planned,

When youíve learnt the science of reduction,

And everythingís proper classification.†††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††         1945

 

Student

 

After all that, I feel as stupid

As if Iíd a mill wheel in my head.

 

Mephistopheles

 

Next, before all else, youíll fix

Your mind on Metaphysics!

See that youíre profoundly trained†††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††      1950

In what never stirs in a human brain:

Youíll learn a splendid word

For whatís occurred or not occurred.

But for the present take six months

To get yourself in order: start at once.††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††††††††††††            1955

Five hours every day, lock

Yourself in, with a ticking clock!

Make sure youíre well prepared,

Study each paragraph with care,

So afterwards youíll be certain††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† ††††††††† 1960

Only whatís in the book, was written:

Then be as diligent when you pen it,

As if the Holy Ghost had said it!


 

Student

 

You wonít need to tell me twice!

I think, myself, itís very helpful, too†††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††       1965

That one can take back home, and use,

What someoneís penned in black and white.

 

Mephistopheles

 

But choose a faculty, any one!

 

Student

 

I wouldnít be comfortable with Law.

 

Mephistopheles

 

I couldnít name you anything more††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††          1970

Vile, I know how dogmatic itís become.

Laws and rights are handed down

Itís an eternal disgrace:

Theyíre moved round from town to town

Dragged around from place to place.†††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††         1975

Reason is nonsense, kindness a disease,

If youíre a grandchild itís a curse!

The rights we are born with,

To those, alas, no one refers!

 

Student

 

That just strengthens my disgust.† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††              1980

Happy the student that you instruct!

Iíve nearly settled on Theology.


 

Mephistopheles

 

I wouldnít wish to guide you erroneously.

In what that branch of knowledge concerns

Itís so difficult to avoid a fallacious route,†††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††             1985

Thereís so much poison hidden in what you learn,

And itís barely distinguishable from the antidote.

The best thing hereís to make a single choice,

Then simply swear by your masterís voice.

On the whole, to words stick fast!†††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††             1990

Through the safest gate youíll pass

To the Temple of Certainty.

 

Student

 

Yet surely words must have a sense.

 

Mephistopheles

 

Why, yes! But donít torment yourself with worry,

Where sense fails itís only necessary†††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††       1995

To supply a word, and change the tense.

With words fine arguments can be weighted,

With words whole Systems can be created,

With words, the mind does its conceiving,

No word suffers a jot from thieving.†††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††     2000

 

Student

 

Forgive me, I delay you with my questions,

But I must trouble you again,

On the subject of Medicine,

Have you no helpful word to say?

Three years, so little time applied,††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††        2005

And, God, the field is rather wide!

If only you had some kind of pointer,

You would feel so much further on.


 

Mephistopheles (Aside.)

 

Iím tired of this desiccated banter

I really must play the devil, at once.††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††          2010

 

(Aloud.)

 

To grasp the spirit of Medicineís easily done:

You study the great and little world, until,

In the end you let it carry on

Just as God wills.

Useless to roam round, scientifically:†††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† ††††††††† 2015

Everyone learns only what he can:

The one who grasps the Moment fully,

Heís the proper man.

Youíre quite a well-made fellow,

Youíre not short of courage too,††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††                2020

And when youíre easy with yourself,

Others will be easy with you.

Study, especially, female behaviour:

Their eternal aches and woes,

All of the thousand-fold,†††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††     2025

Rise from one point, and have one cure.

And if youíre half honourable about it

You shall have them in your pocket.

A title first: to give them comfort you

Have skills that far exceed the others,††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††††††††††††         2030

Then youíre free to touch the goods, and view

What someone else has prowled around for years.

Take the pulse firmly, you understand,

And then, with sidelong fiery glance,

Grasp the slender hips, in haste,†††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††2035

To find out whether sheís tight-laced.

 

Student

 

That sounds much better! The Where and How, I see.


 

Mephistopheles

 

Grey, dear friend, is all theory,

And green the golden tree of life.

 

Student

 

I swear itís like a dream to me: may I††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††         2040

Trouble you, at some further time,

To expound your wisdom, so sublime?

 

Mephistopheles

 

As much as I can, Iíll gladly explain.

 

Student

 

I canít tear myself away,

I must just pass you my album, sir,††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††          2045

Grant me the favour of your signature!

 

Mephistopheles

 

Very well.

 

(He writes and gives the book back.)

 

Student (Reading Mephistophelesí Latin inscription which means: ĎYouíll be like God, acquainted with good and evilí.)

 

Eritis sicut Deus, scientes bonum et malum.

 

(He makes his bows, and takes his leave.)

 

Mephistopheles

 

Just follow the ancient text, and my mother the snake, too:

And then your likeness to God will surely frighten you!†††††††††††† †††††††††         2050

 

 

(Faust enters.)

 

Faust

 

Where will we go, then?

 

Mephistopheles

 

††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† † Where you please.

The little world, and then the great, weíll see.

With what profit and delight,

This term, youíll be a parasite!

 

Faust

 

Yet with my long beard, Iíll††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††          2055

Lack lifeís superficial style.

My attempt will come to nothing:

I know, in this world, I donít fit in.

I feel so small next to other men,

It only means embarrassment.††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††         2060

 

Mephistopheles

 

My friend, just give yourself completely to it:

When you find yourself, youíll soon know how to live it.

 

Faust

 

How shall we depart from here, then?

I see not one servant, coach, or horse.

 

Mephistopheles

 

Weíll just spread this cloak wide open,†††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††                 2065

Then through the air weíll take our course.

For a daring trip like this weíre on,

Better not take much baggage along.

A little hot air Iíll ready, first,

To lift us nimbly above the Earth,†††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††               2070

And as weíre light weíll soon get clear:

Congratulations on your new career!


 

Scene V: Auerbachís Cellar in Leipzig

 

(Friends happily drinking.)

 

Frosch

 

Will none of you laugh? Nobody drink?

Iíll have to teach you to smile, I think!

Youíre all of you like wet straw today,††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††                  2075

And usually youíre well away.

 

Brander

 

Thatís up to you, you bring us nothing.

Nothing dumb, or dirty, nothing.

 

Frosch (Pouring a glass of wine over Branderís head.)

 

You can have both!

 

Brander

††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† ††††††††† Rotten swine!

 

Frosch

 

You wanted them both, so you got mine!†††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††              2080

 

Siebel

 

Out the door, whoever fights! Get out!

Letís sing a heart-felt chorus, drink and shout!

Up! Hurray! Ha!

 

Altmayer

 

††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† ††††††† Ah! Iím in agony!

Earplugs, here! This fellowís deafened me.


 

Siebel

 

Itís only when it echoes in the tower,†††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††      2085

You hear a bass voiceís real power.

 

Frosch

 

Right, out with him who takes offence!

Ah! Do, re, me!

 

Altmayer

 

Ah! Do, re, me!

 

Fosch

 

Our throats are tuned: commence.

 

(He sings.)

 

ĎDear Holy Roman Empire,††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††        2090

How do you hold together?í

 

Brander

 

A lousy song! Bah! A political song -

A tiresome song! Thank God, every morning,

It isnít you who must sit there worrying

About the Empire! At least Iím better for††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††         2095

Not being a King or a Chancellor.

But we should have a leader, so

Weíll choose a Pope of our own.

You know the qualities that can

Swing the vote, and elevate the man.††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††         2100

 

Frosch (Sings.)

 

ĎSing away, sweet Nightingale,

Greet my girl, and never fail.í

 

Siebel

 

Donít greet my girl! Iíll not allow it!

 

Frosch

 

Greet and kiss her! Youíll not stop it!

 

(He sings.)

 

ĎSlip the bolt in deepest night!†††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††          2105

Slip it! Wake, the lover bright.

Slip it to! At break of dawn.í

 

Siebel

 

Yes, sing in praise of her, and boast: sing on!

Iíll laugh later when it suits:

She leads me a dance, sheíll lead you too.†††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††     2110

She should have a dwarf for a lover!

At the crossroads, let him woo her:

An old goat from Blocksberg, galloping over,

Can bleat goodnight, as it passes by her.

An honest man, of flesh and blood,††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† 2115

For a girl like thatís far too good.

Iím not bothered even to say hello

Except perhaps to break her window.

 

Brander (Pounding on the table.)

 

Quiet! Quiet! Or you wonít hear!

I know about life, you lot, confess.†††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††    2120

Besotted persons sit among us,

As fits their status, then, I must

Give them, tonight, of my very best.

Listen! A song in the newest strain!

And you can shout out the refrain!†† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††        2125

 

(He sings.)

 

ĎOnce there was a cellar rat,

Who lived on grease, and butter:

He had a belly, round and fat,

Just like Doctor Luther.

The cook set poison round about:††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† ††††††††† 2130

It brought on such a violent bout,

As if heíd love inside him.í

 

Chorus (Shouting.)

 

ĎAs if heíd love inside him!í

 

Brander

 

ĎHe ran here, and he ran there,

And drank from all the puddles,†††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††      2135

Gnawing, scratching, everywhere,

But nothing cured his shudders.

In torment, he leapt to the roof,

Poor beast, soon heíd had enough,

As if heíd love inside him.톆††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††         2140

 

Chorus

 

ĎAs if heíd love inside him!í

 

Brander

 

ĎFear drove him to the light of day,

Into the kitchen then he ran,

Fell on the hearth and twitched away,

Pitifully weak, and wan.†††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† ††††††††† 2145

Then the murderess laughed with glee:

Heís on his last legs, I see,

As if heíd love inside him.í

 

Chorus

 

ĎAs if heíd love inside him.í

 

Siebel

 

How pleased they are, the tiresome fools!†††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††       2150

Spreading poison for wretched rats,

To me, thatís the right thing to do!

 

Brander

 

Youíre in sympathy with them, perhaps?

 

Altmayer

 

That fat belly with a balding head!

Bad luck makes him meek and mild:††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† ††††††††† 2155

From a swollen rat, he sees, with dread,

His own natural likeness is compiled.

 

(Faust and Mephistopheles appear.)

 

First of all, I had to bring you here,

Where cheerful friends sup together,

To see how happily life slips away.†† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† 2160

For these folk every dayís a holiday.

With lots of leisure, and little sense,

They revolve in their round-dance,

Chasing their tails as kittens prance,

If the hangovers arenít too intense,††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††††††††††††      2165

If the landlord gives them credit,

Theyíre cheerful, and unworried by it.

 

Brander

 

Theyíre fresh from their travelling days,

You can tell by their foreign ways:

Theyíve not been back an hour: you see. †††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† 2170


Frosch

 

True, youíre right! My Leipzigís dear to me!

Itís a little Paris, and educates its people.

 

Siebel

 

Who do you think the strangers are?

 

Frosch

 

Let me find out! Iíll draw the truth,

From those two, with a brimming glass,††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† 2175

As easily as youíd pull a childís tooth.

It seems to me theyíre of some noble house,

They look so discontented and so proud.

 

Brander

 

Theyíre surely strolling players, Iíd guess!

 

Altmayer

 

Perhaps.

 

Frosch

 

††††† Watch me screw it out of them, then!††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† 2180

 

Mephistopheles (To Faust.)

 

These folk wouldnít feel the devil, even

If heíd got them dangling by the neck.

 

Faust

 

Greetings, sirs!


Siebel

 

††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† Thank you, and greetings.††††

 

(He mutters away, inspecting Mephistopheles side-on.)†††

 

Whatís wrong with his foot: whyís he limping?

 

Mephistopheles

 

Allow us to sit with you, if you please.††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††        2185

Instead of fine ale that canít be had,

We can still have good company.

 

Altmayer

 

You seem a choosy sort of lad.

 

Frosch

 

Was it late when you started out from Rippach?

Perhaps you dined with Hans there, first?††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† 2190

 

Mephistopheles

 

We passed straight by, today, without a rest!

We spoke to him last some time back,

When he talked a lot about his cousins,

And he sent to each his kind greetings.

 

(He bows to Frosch.)

 

Altmayer (Aside.)

 

He did you, there! Heís smart!

 

Siebel

 

†† A shrewd customer!††††††††† ††††††††† ††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††    2195

 

Frosch

 

Wait, Iíll have him soon, Iím sure!

 

Mephistopheles

 

If Iím not wrong, we heard

A tuneful choir singing?

Iím sure, with this vault, the words

Must really set it ringing!††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† 2200

 

Frosch

 

Are you by any chance a virtuoso?

 

Mephistopheles

 

No! Though my desire is great, my skill is only so-so.

 

Altmayer

 

Give us a song!

 

Mephistopheles

 

If you wish it, a few.

 

Siebel

 

So long as itís a brand-new one!

 

Mephistopheles

 

Well, itís from Spain that weíve just come,††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† ††††††††† 2205

The lovely land of wine, and singing too.

 

(He sings.)

 

ĎThere was once a king, who

Had a giant fleaí Ė

 

Frosch

 

Listen! Did you get that? A flea.

A fleaís an honest guest to me.††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††††††††††††               2210

 

Mephistopheles (Sings.)

 

ĎThere was once a king, who

Had a giant flea,

He loved him very much, oh,

He was like a son, you see.

The king called for his tailor,††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† ††††††††† 2215

He came right away:

Now, measure up the lad for

A suit of clothes, I say!í

 

Brander

 

Make sure the tailorís sharp,

And cuts them out precisely,†††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† ††††††††† 2220

And, since his sonís dear to his heart,

Make sure thereís never a crease to see.

 

Mephistopheles

 

ĎAll in silk and velvet,

He was smartly dressed,

With ribbons on his coat,†††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††††††††††††    2225

A cross upon his chest.

He was the First Minister,

And so he wore a star:

His brothers and his sisters,

He made noblest by far.†††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††         2230


 

The lords and the ladies,

They were badly smitten,

The Queen and her maids,

They were stung and bitten.

They didnít dare to crush them,† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††2235

Or scratch away, all night.

We smother them, and crush them,

The moment that they bite.í

 

Chorus (Shouted.)

 

ĎWe smother them, and crush them,

The moment that they bite.톆††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††      2240

 

Frosch

 

Bravo! Bravo! That went sweetly!

 

Siebel

 

So shall it be with every flea!

 

Brander

 

Sharpen your nails, and crush them fine!

 

Altmayer

 

Long live freedom, and long live wine!

 

Mephistopheles

 

Iíd love to drink a glass, in freedomís honour,††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† 2245

If only the wine were a little better.

 

Siebel

 

Not again, we donít want to hear!

 

Mephistopheles

 

I fear the landlord might complain

Or Iíd give these worthy guests,

One of my cellarís very best.†††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††    2250

 

Siebel

 

Just bring it on! Heíll accept it: Iíll explain.

 

Frosch

 

Make it a good glass and weíll praise it.

But donít make it so small we canít taste it.

Because if Iím truly going to decide,

I need a really big mouthful inside.††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††††††††††††        2255

 

Altmayer (Aside.)

 

Theyíre from the Rhine, as I guessed.

 

Mephistopheles

 

Bring me a corkscrew!

 

Brander

 

†††††††† †††††††††† ††††††††† ††What for?

Is it outside already, this cask?

 

Altmayer

 

Thereís one in the landlordís toolbox, for sure.

 

Mephistopheles (Takes the corkscrew. To Frosch.)

 

Now, what would you like to try?††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††       2260


Frosch

 

What? Is there a selection, too?

 

Mephistopheles

 

Thereís a choice for every one of you.

 

Altmayer (To Frosch.)

 

Ah! You soon catch on: your lips are dry?

 

Frosch

 

Good! When Iíve a choice, I drink Rhenish.

The Fatherland grants those best gifts to us.††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† 2265

 

Mephistopheles (Boring a hole in the table-edge where Frosch is sitting.)

 

Bring me a little wax, to make the seals, as well!

 

Altmayer

 

Ah, thatís for the conjuring trick, I can tell.

 

Mephistopheles (To Brander.)

 

And yours?

 

Brander

 

†††††† Champagne for me is fine:

Make it a truly sparkling wine!

 

(Mephistopheles bores the holes: one of the others makes the wax stoppers and stops the holes with them.)


We canít always shun whatís foreign,††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††††††††††††        2270

Things from far away are often fine.

Real Germans canít abide a Frenchman,

And yet they gladly drink his wine.

 

Siebel (As Mephistopheles approaches his seat.)

 

I must confess I do dislike the dry,

Give me a glass of the very sweetest!††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† 2275

 

Mephistopheles (Boring a hole.)

 

Iíll pour an instant Tokay for you, yes?

 

Altmayer

 

Now, gentlemen, look me in the eye!

I see youíve had the better of us there.

 

Mephistopheles

 

Now! Now! With guests so rare,

That would be far too much for me to dare.††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† ††††††††† 2280

Quick! Time for you to declare!

Which wine can I serve you with?

 

Altmayer

 

Any at all! Donít make us ask forever.

 

(Now all the holes have been stopped and sealed.)


 

Mephistopheles (With a strange gesture.)

 

Grapes, they are the vineís load!

Horns, they are the he-goatís:††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† ††††††††† 2285

Wine is juice: wood makes vines,

The wooden board shall give us wine.

Look deeper into Nature!

Have faith, and hereís a wonder!

Now draw the stoppers, and drink up!†††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† ††††††††† 2290

 

All (Draw the stoppers, and the wine they chose flows into each glass.)

 

O lovely fount, that flows for us!

 

Mephistopheles

 

But careful, donít lose a drop!

 

(They drink repeatedly.)

 

All (Singing.)

 

ĎWeíre all of us cannibals now,

Weíre like five hundred sows.í

 

Mephistopheles

 

The folk are free, and we can go, you see!††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† 2295

 

Faust

 

Iíd like to leave here now.

 

Mephistopheles

 

Watch first: their bestiality

Will make a splendid show.

 

Siebel

 

(He drinks carelessly, wine pours on the ground and bursts into flame.)

 

Help! Fire! Hell burns bright!

 

Mephistopheles (Charming away the flame.)

 

Friendly element, be quiet!†††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††            2300

 

(To the drinkers.)

 

For this time, just a drop of Purgatory.

 

Siebel

 

Whatís that? You wait! Youíll pay dearly!

It seems you donít quite see us right.

 

Frosch

 

Try playing that trick a second time, on us!

 

Altmayer

 

I think we should quietly send him packing.†††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††         2305

 

Siebel

 

What, sir? You think youíre daring,

Tricking us with your hocus-pocus?

 

Mephistopheles

 

Be quiet, old wine-barrel!

 

Siebel

 

You broomstick! Youíll show us youíre ill bred?

 

Brander

 

Just wait, itíll rain blows, on your head!†† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††           2310

 

Altmayer (Draws a stopper and fire blazes in his face.)

 

Iím burning! Burning!

 

Siebel

 

††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† ††††††† Itís magic, strike!

The manís a rascal! Kick him as you like!

 

(They draw knives and rush at Mephistopheles.)

 

Mephistopheles (With solemn gestures.)

 

Word and Image, ensnare!

Alter, senses and air!

Be here, and there!†††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††      2315

 

 

(They look at each other, amazed.)

 

Altmayer

 

Where am I? What a lovely land!

 

Frosch

 

Vineyards? Am I seeing straight?

 

Siebel

 

And, likewise, grapes to hand!


 

Brander

 

Deep in this green arbour, here,

See, the vines! What grapes appear!

 

(He grasps Siebel by the nose: the others do the same reciprocally, and raise their knives.)

 

Mephistopheles

 

From their eyes, Error, take the iron band,†††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††          2320

And let them see how the Devil plays a joke.

 

(He vanishes with Faust: the revellers separate.)

 

Siebel

 

Whatís happening?

 

Altmayer

††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† And how?

 

Frosch

††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† Was that your nose?

 

Brander (To Siebel.)

 

And Iíve still got your nose in my hand!

 

Altmayer

 

It was a tremor, that passed through every limb!

Pass me a stool: Iím sinking in! † ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††              2325

 

Frosch

 

Tell me: what happened there, my friend?


Siebel

 

Where is he? When I catch that fellow,

He wonít leave here alive again!

 

Altmayer

 

I saw him myself fly out of the cellar

Riding on a barrel Ė and then Ė††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††        2330

I feel thereís lead still in my feet.

 

(He turns towards the table.)

 

Ah! Does the wine still flow as sweet?

 

Siebel

 

It was deception, cheating, lying.

 

Frosch

 

Still, it seemed that I drank wine.

 

Brander

 

And what about all those grapes that hung there?†††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††        2335

 

Altmayer

 

Tell me, now, we shouldnít believe in wonders!


 

Scene VI: The Witchesí Kitchen

 

(A giant cauldron stands on a low hearth, with a fire under it. Various shapes appear in the fumes from the cauldron. A She-Ape sits next to it, skimming it, watching to see it doesnít boil over. The He-Ape, with young ones, sits nearby warming himself. The ceiling and walls are covered with the Witchesí grotesque instruments.)

 

Faust

 

These magical wild beasts repel me, too!

Are you telling me I can be renewed,

Wandering around in this mad maze,

Demanding help from some old hag:††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††   2340

That her foul cookery will spirit away

Thirty years from my age, just like that?

Itís sad, if you know of nothing better!

The star of hope has quickly set.

Hasnít some noble mind, or Nature,††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††     2345

Found some wondrous potion yet?

 

Mephistopheles

 

My friend, what you say, again, is intelligent!

Thereís a natural means to make you younger:

But itís written, in a book quite different,

And in an odd chapter.††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††         2350

 

Faust

 

Iíll know it, then.

 

Mephistopheles

 

Fine! Youíve a method here that needs

No gold, no doctor, no magician:

Take yourself off to the nearest field,

To scratch around, and hoe, and dig in,

Maintain yourself, and constrain †††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††          2355

Your senses in a narrow sphere:

Feed yourself on the purest fare,

Be a beast among beasts: think it no robbery,

To manure the fields you harvest, there:

Since thatís the best of ways, believe me, ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††            2360

To keep your youth for eighty years!

 

Faust

 

Iím not used to it, canít condescend,

To take a spade in hand, and bend:

That narrow life wouldnít suit me at all.

 

Mephistopheles

 

So you must call the witch then, after all.†††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††       2365

 

Faust

 

Why is that old witch necessary!

Why canít you, yourself, make the brew?

 

Mephistopheles

 

What a lovely occupation for me!

And build a thousand bridges, meanwhile, too.

Itís not just art and science that tell,††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††      2370

Patience is needed in the work as well.

A calm mindís busy years in its creation,

Only time strengthens the fermentation.

And everything about it

Is quite a peculiar show!††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††       2375

Itís true the Devil taught it:

The Devil canít make it though.

 

(Seeing the creatures.)

 

See what a dainty race I hail!

This is the female: this is the male!

 

(To the creatures.)

 

The mistress isnít home, I say?†††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††     2380

 

The Creatures

 

Feasting away,

Gone today,

The Chimney way!

 

Mephistopheles

 

How long will she be swarming?

 

The Creatures

 

As long as our paws are warming.†††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††        2385

 

Mephistopheles (To Faust.)

 

What do you think of these tender creatures?

 

Faust

 

As rude as any I ever saw!

 

Mephistopheles

 

Ah, but to me this kind of discourse

Shows the most delightful features!

 

(To the creatures.)

 

Accursed puppets, tell me true,†††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† ††††††††† 2390

What are you stirring in that brew?

 

The Creatures

 

Weíre cooking up thick beggarsí soup.

 

Mephistopheles

 

Then thereíll be thousands in the queue.

 

The He-Ape (Approaches and fawns on Mephistopheles.)

 

O, throw the dice quick,

And let me be rich!††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††        2395

Iíll be the winner!

Itís all arranged badly,

And if I had money,

Iíd be a thinker.

 

Mephistopheles

 

Why does the ape think heíd be lucky,†††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††      2400

If heíd only a chance to try the lottery!

 

(Meanwhile the young apes have been playing with a large ball, and they roll it forward.)

 

The He-Ape

 

The worldís a ball

It lifts to fall,

Rolls without rest:

Rings like glass,††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††        2405

And breaks as fast!

Itís hollow at best.

Itís shining here,

Here, whatís more:

ĎI am living!톆†††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††      2410

A place dear son,

To keep far from!

You must die!

Its clay will soon

In pieces, lie.†††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††          2415


Mephistopheles

 

Why the sieve?

 

The He-Ape (Lifting it down.)

 

If you were a thief

Iíd know you this minute.

 

(He runs to the She-Ape, and lets her look through the sieve.)

 

Look through the sieve!†††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††       2420

Can you see the thief,

But darenít name him?

 

Mephistopheles (Approaching the fire.)

 

And this pot?

 

The He-Ape and She-Ape

 

What a silly lot!

Not to know a pot,

Not to know a kettle!††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††     2425

 

Mephistopheles

 

Rude creature!

 

The He-Ape

 

Take this brush here,

And sit on the settle.

 

(He invites Mephistopheles to sit down.)


 

Faust (Who all this time has been standing in front of a mirror, alternately approaching it and distancing himself from it.)

 

What do I see? What heavenly form

Is this that the magic mirror brings!†††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††   2430

Love, lend me your swiftest wings,

Then bear me to fields she adorns!

Ah, if I do not stand still here,

If I dare to venture nearer,

I see as if through a mist, no clearer Ė†††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† 2435

The loveliest form of Woman, there!

Is it possible: can Woman be so lovely?

Must I, in her outspread body, declare

The incarnation of all thatís heavenly?

Can any such this earth deliver? †††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††         2440

 

Mephistopheles

 

Naturally, if a God torments himself six days,

And says to himself, Bravo, at last,in praise,

He must have made something clever.

See, this time, what will satisfy you, forever:

Iíll know how to fish that treasure out for you,† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††           2445

Happy, the one who finds good fortune in her,

And carries her home again, as his bride, too.

 

(Faust gazes endlessly in the mirror. Mephistopheles stretches himself on the settle, plays with the brush, and continues to speak.)

 

Here I sit like a king on his throne,

The sceptreís here, but whereís the crown?

 

The Creatures (Who up till now have been making all kinds of grotesque movements together, bring Mephistopheles a crown, with great outcry.)

 

Oh, with sweat and with blood,† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††      2450

If youíll be so good,

Glue on this crown, sublime!

 

(They are awkward with the crown, and snap it in two pieces, with which they leap about.)

 

Now thatís out of the way!

We see, and we say,

We hear, and we rhyme -††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††††††††††††         2455

 

Faust (In front of the mirror.)

 

Ah! Iíll go completely mad.

 

Mephistopheles (Pointing to the creatures.)

 

Now my headís almost spinning.

 

The Creatures

 

If our luckís not bad,

If thereís sense to be had,

We must be thinking!††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††       2460

 

Faust (As before.)

 

My heart pains me with its burning! Quick,

Letís leave this place, forego it!

 

Mephistopheles (Still in the same position.)

 

Well, at least one must admit

That theyíre honest poets.

 

(The cauldron that the She-Ape has forgotten to keep a watch on, now boils over: a great flame flares from the chimney. The Witch comes careering down through the flames, with horrendous cries.)

 

Ow! Ow! Ow! Ow!†††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††        2465

Damned creature! Accursed sow!

You left the kettle: youíve singed me now!

Accursed creature!

 

(Seeing Faust and Mephistopheles.)

 

What have we here?

Who are you, here?††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††          2470

What do you want?

Who creeps unknown?

The fireís pain own

In all your bone!

 

(She plunges the skimming-ladle into the cauldron, and scatters flame towards Faust, Mephistopheles and the Creatures. The Creatures whimper.)

 

Mephistopheles (Reversing the brush he holds in his hand, and striking among the jars and glasses.)

 

One, two! One, two!

There lies the brew!

There lies the glass!

A joke at last,

In time, she-ass,

To your melody, too. ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† ††††††††† 2480

 

(As the Witch starts back in Anger and Horror.)

 

Do you know me? Skeleton! Scarecrow!

Do you know your lord and master?

What stops me from striking you, so,

Crushing you, and your ape-creatures?

Have you no respect for a scarlet coat?††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††              2485

Donít you understand a cockerelís feather?

Have I hidden my face, you old she-goat?

Have I to name myself, as ever?

 

The Witch

 

Oh sir, forgive the rude welcome!

I donít see a single foot cloven.†††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††       2490

And your two ravens - are where?


Mephistopheles

 

This once, you get away with it:

Itís truly a good while, isnít it,

Since weíve been seen together.

And Civilisation makes men level,††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††             2495

It even sticks to the Devil:††††††††††

That Northern demon is no more:

Who sees horns now, or tail or claw?

As for the feet, which I canít spare,

That would harm me with the people.†††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† 2500

So like many a youth, now, I wear,

False calves and false in-steps, as well.

 

The Witch (Dancing.)

 

Sense and reason flee my brain,

I see young Satan here again!

 

Mephistopheles

 

Woman, I forbid that name!††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††              2505

 

The Witch

 

Why? What harm is caused so?

 

Mephistopheles

 

Itís written in story books, always:

Men are no better for it, though:

The Evil Oneís gone: the evil stays.

Call me the Baron: that sounds good:†††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††          2510

Iím a gentleman, like the other gentlemen.

Perhaps you doubt my noble blood:

See, hereís the crest I carry, then!

 

(He makes an indecent gesture.)

 


The Witch (Laughing immoderately.)

 

Ha! Ha! Thatís your way, as ever.

Youíre the same rogue forever!†††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† ††††††††† 2515

 

Mephistopheles (To Faust.)

 

My friend, take note: learn that this is

The proper way to handle witches.

 

The Witch

 

Now, gentlemen, say how I can be of use.

 

Mephistopheles

 

A good glass of your well-known juice!

But I must insist on the oldest:††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† †††††††††2520

The years double what it can do.

 

The Witch

 

Gladly! Hereís a flask, on the shelf:

I sometimes drink from it myself,

And it doesnít really stink at all:

Iíll gladly give him a glass or so.†† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††              2525

 

(Whispering.)

 

If he drinks it unprepared, recall,

He wonít live a single hour, though.

 

Mephistopheles

 

Heís my good friend: itíll go down well:

Donít begrudge the best of your kitchen.

Draw the circle: speak the speech, then†††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††              2530

Offer him a glass full!

 

(The Witch draws a circle with fantastic gestures, and places mysterious articles inside it: meanwhile the glasses start to ring, and the cauldron to echo, and make music. Finally she brings a large book, sits the Apes in a ring, who serve as a reading desk and hold torches. She beckons Faust to approach.)

 

Faust (To Mephistopheles.)

 

Tell me, now, whatís happening?

These wild gestures, crazy things,

All of this tasteless trickery,

Is known, and hateful enough to me.††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† ††††††††† 2535

 

Mephistopheles

 

A farce! You should be laughing:

Donít be such a serious fellow!

This hocus-pocus she, the doctorís, making,

So youíll be aided by the juice to follow.

 

(He persuades Faust to enter the circle.)

 

The Witch (Begins to declaim from the book, with much emphasis.)

 

You shall see, then!†††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††      2540

From one make ten!

Let two go again,

Make three even,

Youíre rich again.

Take away four!††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††    2545

From five and six,

So says the Witch,

Make seven and eight,

So itís full weight:

And nine is one,†††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††   2550

And ten is none.

This is the Witchís one-times-one!


Faust

 

Iím in the dark, the hag babbles with fever.

 

Mephistopheles

 

Thereís still more sheís not gone over,

I know it well, the whole bookís like this:††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† 2555

Iíve wasted time on it before, though,

A perfect contradiction in terms is

Ever a mystery to the wise: fools more so.

My friend, the artís both old and new,

Itís like this in every age, with two††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† 2560

And one, and one and two,

Scattering error instead of truth.

Men prattle, and teach it undisturbed:

Who wants to be counted with the fools?

Men always believe, when they hear words,† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† ††††††††† 2565

There must be thought behind them, too.

 

The Witch (Continuing.)

 

The highest skill,

The science, still

Is hidden from the rabble!

One who never thought,†††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††††††††††††       2570

To him itís brought,

He owns it without trouble.

 

Faust

 

Why talk this nonsense to us?

My headís near split in two.

It seems I hear the chorus,†††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† ††††††††† 2575

Of a hundred thousand fools.


Mephistopheles

 

Enough, enough, O excellent Sibyl!

Bring the drink along: and fill

The cup, quick, to the very brim:

The drink will bring my friend no harm:††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† ††††††††† 2580

Heís a man of many parts, and him

Many a noble draught has charmed.

 

(The Witch, ceremoniously, pours the drink into a cup: as Faust puts it to his lips, a gentle flame rises.)

 

Down it quickly! Every time! Itíll

Likewise, warm your heart, entire.

Youíre hand in hand with the Devil:†††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††††††††††††         2585

Will you shrink before the fire?

 

(The Witch breaks the circle. Faust steps out.)

 

Now, quick, away! You may not rest.

 

The Witch

 

Much good may that potion do you!

 

Mephistopheles (To the Witch.)

 

On Walpurgis Night you can tell me best,

What favour I can return to you.†††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††† 2590

 

The Witch

 

Hereís a song! Sing it sometimes, and you,

Will feel a peculiar effect: donít ask me how.

 

Mephistopheles (To Faust.)

 

Come on, quickly, run about now:

You need to sweat, that will allow

The power to penetrate, through and through.†††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††  2595

Later, Iíll teach you to value leisure,

And soon youíll find with deepest pleasure,

How Cupid stirs, and, now and then, leaps, too.

 

Faust

 

Let me look quickly in the glass, once more!

How lovely that womanís form, I descried!††††† ††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††       2600

 

Mephistopheles

 

No! No! The paragon of all women, youíre

About to see before you, personified.

 

(Aside.)

 

With that drink in your body, well then,

All women will look to you like Helen.


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